It has the illusion of effortlessness that comes only with fierce discipline. As often happens when you are in the hands of a master, you read the next sentence almost before you are finished with the previous one. The novel could be read shallowly, because it is such a pleasure to read. One leaves the text and feels that one has been left with nothing.
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The irony vacuums out the content and, with it, our interest. Like the ouroboros, the ancient symbol of a dragon swallowing its own tail, the book consumes itself, and disappears. We follow Adam, through the eyes of various narrators, from his youth to reminiscences about him late in his life. With the methodology for collection and the number of reviews included in the corpus now outlined, we move on to present the findings for the United Kingdom and France, beginning with the percentage of reviews that acknowledge the fact of translation, either directly or indirectly by naming the translator see figure 2 below :.
The percentage of reviews that acknowledge the translation or the translator in the British and French broadsheets. The results above may be considered somewhat surprising, especially given that previous studies outlined that the translator is generally acknowledged on a rather more random basis in the United Kingdom. Indeed, The Times Literary Supplement acknowledges the fact of translation, directly or indirectly, without fail in each of its reviews of translated works.
Judging by these numbers, one could thus assert that translators have indeed become more visible on a very basic level in comparison to what Venuti found back in , especially in the United Kingdom. Another key fey factor when discussing the acknowledgement of the translation or the translator is the prominence of the location of the acknowledgement. Both Bush and Vanderschelden found that the fact of translation or the translator is almost systematically mentioned alongside the title of the work or in the heading of the review.
However, when it comes to commenting upon the quality of a translation, the picture is vastly different, as can be observed from the figure that follows:. The percentage of reviews that, having acknowledged the fact of translation, also make a comment on the quality of the translation in the United Kingdom and France. These findings are similar to those of Bush and Vanderschelden, who both discovered that reviews very rarely comment on the quality of the translation in France.
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Both of the British broadsheets, on the other hand, go on to comment upon the quality of the translation after they have acknowledged the fact of translation relatively frequently—and The Times Literary Supplement reviewers even do so in almost four out of five reviews. However, it is also important to mention at this point that, whilst generalizations are being made about the broadsheets in the United Kingdom and France for the purposes of this research, a small minority of reviewers, such as Michael Hofmann in The Times Literary Supplement and Nicolas Weill in Le Monde , almost always engage with the translation, providing a detailed commentary and often comparing the translation with the original source text; this may slightly skew the results of the research and offer a not entirely accurate portrayal of the way in which the broadsheets at hand review translations.
Nonetheless, the sheer number of reviews included in the corpus should still allow us to pick up on certain trends regarding how translations are currently being reviewed and commented upon in British and French broadsheets. Regardless of whether we agree with the former comment or not, it is still important for us to analyze the type of words used to describe translation in the United Kingdom and France and whether they are used positively or negatively to allow us to draw comparisons with Venuti and subsequent studies.
A selection of the words used to comment upon translations will be presented in the following section.
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The majority of comments made about a translation in the reviews are more general in nature subjective value judgements, e. Previous studies in the United Kingdom indicated that transparency, which encompasses various notions such as clarity, fluency, lucidity and readability, was the main tenet by which translations are assessed and reviewed. As may be expected, they are used positively on each occasion to praise the translation.
It is thus difficult to assert whether broadsheets in general continue to have a strong affinity for target-oriented modes of translation; however, we can clearly see that the reviews in The Times Literary Supplement do still encourage transparency as one of the main goals of the translation process. The following examples illustrate how these phrases are used to praise the translator for not deviating too far from the source text:. A similar trend may also be observed in the British broadsheets.
Yates has managed to preserve the tone of the original Catalan without having recourse to potentially awkward archaisms. He does this by combining contemporary vocabulary with words that were used two or three generations ago.
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However, the reviewer is not critical of the translator, outlining that generally the translation remains faithful to the source text, whilst also accepting that the very process of translating between two languages entails some degree of loss:. Firstly, the fact of translation and translators are now very rarely completely ignored in reviews. Nous remercions chaleureusement toutes les personnes qui nous soutiennent et en premier lieu , les Amis du Festival, ainsi que She began writing fiction whilst living through a frigid winter in the Tarn Valley and visiting nearby medieval castles and villages.
Her writing has been inspired by the landscapes, history and people of southern France. Before taking up an academic career he was a senior civil servant and was awarded an OBE in He was found not guilty after his trial at the Old Bailey in On taking early retirement he lived on a small Greek island for seven years and now lives in the Aveyron.
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She will be talking about, and reading from her new novel, Spilt Milk, published in February of this year. After renovating their house and building a family life here, Amanda was able to dedicate herself to writing.
In , Australia the State considered year-old Ellen Russell to be uncontrollable. Keep quiet.